Why hire a paper expert?

Fraud involving legal documents cost American’s billions of dollars every year in lost business property and litigation costs. Your important documents are one of the most vulnerable assets you possess. For Instance, nobody ever thinks that a family member would every take your Will or Trust and change it, but it happens all the time.


Legal document fraud emotionally affects those victimized by it and each year in the United States those victims incur millions of dollars in legal fees and court costs in attempting to obtain redress.


Much of the fraudulent activity conducted on documents involves altered text and cut & paste signatures. It is important to hire a forensic document examiner who understands current technologies that are being used to alter documents. I know and understands these software programs and how to identify these alterations. Conducting forensic handwriting analysis, document dating and forensic paper analysis along with thorough understanding of various forgery techniques, then being able to explain them in scientific terms, is what makes a paper expert necessary.


I have a degree in Paper Science & Engineering and have spent nearly 30 years working and consulting in the paper industry. I have the expertise in understanding how paper is made and what unique properties that can be identified in altered documents. There is an untold story of evidence ready to be uncovered within the paper of altered documents.

The importance of a print expert.

My understanding of surface and colloid chemistry, along with the chemical relationships and interactions between the surface properties of a sheet of paper and the inks and toners that are printed on the paper are invaluable in document dating and identifying paper sources.

Years of working with companies like Xerox, HP, Cannon and Deluxe Check has given me the understanding of the interface of paper and printing properties. I have developed papers for laser, inkjet and micr printing purposes and understand the unique properties demanded of each of these printing technologies and how they interact with the surface of a sheet of paper.

The use of scientific methods.

As technology advances, so do the methods that fraudsters use to alter documents. With a degree in Paper Science & Engineering I have the expertise to apply scientific methodologies to examine and report forensic document analysis.

I understand how printers work and can explain why printers often exhibit unique properties to the text they print. An example would be why a laser printer leaves toner specs around some of the letters. These are clues to identify if all pages within a document were printed on the same printer or not. Most printers have some unique properties that can be identified through examination, if you understand what to look for.

The utilization of scientific analysis and reporting provides objective evidence versus subjective. Science and data provide the hard facts for juries and judges to come to the proper judgements in cases.

Portable Laboratory

The importance of having the proper equipment for a forensic document examination cannot be overstated. Many examinations take place within a courthouse or law office, you must be prepared to do everything you need to do to properly examine a document.

I have a fully equipped, portable lab with up-to-date equipment to handle the needs for almost any examination. I use the latest software and technology in examinations. If you don’t keep up with technology, you won’t stay ahead of the fraudsters.

Laboratory Equipment

  • MiScope MP3 with UVIR and filter wheel
  • Dino-Lite Digital Microscope with polarization
  • Dino-Lite Digital Microscope with UV and Infrared lighting
  • X-rite Pantone Exact Color Spectrophotometer
  • Epson V600 Flatbed Scanner
  • Brother 1200 dpi Sheetfed Scanner
  • Biological Microscope
  • Stereo Microscope
  • Portable Lightbox
  • The latest computer software programs for electronic document exams
  • Cameras

Portable Color Spectrophotometry

My patent pending methodology of identifying paper from different sources is a specialized service that only I offer. My ScanRite Paper ID Technology utilizes a portable color spectrophotometer to measure and compare the color reflectance spectral data of the paper. The data is then scientifically analyzed and reported in an easy-to-understand report. The process is 99.7% accurate and repeatable, providing scientific evidence.


Since the pulping and water chemistry of each specific paper mill, along with the specific color dyes and optical brighteners added to the paper during manufacturing, they give unique properties to paper manufactured on every different paper machine. This unique chemical composition gives the paper unique determine the color spectral within each sheet of paper. Utilizing my patent pending methodology, I can measure the dE* reference to as DE or (delta E), a measurement of the total difference in color between a comparable reference standard and the questioned paper.


The examination protocol involves establishing a statistically significant normal population using the standard reference paper source. If the resulting delta E of two different sheets falls within the specified delta E tolerance, it is statistically the same paper, containing the same chemistry and part of the normal distribution. Thus, two different sheets that test within the delta E tolerance come from the same manufactured source, same paper machine, same ream, or box of paper.